Chicken Bone Broth
Welcome to one of the oldest recipes in the book. We’re talking seriously ancient. As old as the earliest cooking vessels, if not older. Even if you’re sick and tired of hearing about bone broth (which happens to be one of the best things for the sick and tired) the bone broth trend is not going anywhere anytime soon.
Bone broth happens to be an incredibly thyroid-healthy recipe with gut-nourishing collagen, elastin, and gelatin, and several amino acids and minerals.
There are a million things you can do with bone broth, from soups to sauces to sipping broth. In this episode of Thyroid-healthy Bites, I’m going to show you just how easy it is to make bone broth a staple in your thyroid-healthy diet.
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The Difference Between Broth and Stock
The terms bone broth and stock are essentially interchangeable. Broth, according to my culinary dictionary, is made from long-simmered meats and vegetables, while stock is essentially the same thing except that it features bones. The modern term ‘bone broth’ denotes broth made with bones. I prefer the term ‘stock’ because I think it’s more accurate, but they’re the same thing so call it what you like (as long as you get in the healthy habit of making it).
Stock Is Foundational to Healthy Home Cooking
Once you learn how simple, economical, and useful it is to keep stock on hand, it becomes a lifelong cooking skill. These primary cooking skills are what enable us to feed ourselves (and our families) real, nourishing food that comes from the earth, not a lab – a critical choice for those of us in search of better thyroid health.
In culinary school, stock is lesson 1, because it’s the basis for so many things: soups, consommes, pan sauces, gravies, and even old-fashioned aspic (a savory gelatin). Very good stock (when chilled) will actually gel, and when heated and liquefied still has a slightly sticky quality that gives it an amazing mouthfeel.
What Makes Chicken Bone Broth So Healing?
It’s that low and slow simmering that renders gelatin from connective tissues like cartilage. Other substances rendered include collagen, elastin, amino acids, and minerals – all of which give stock its richness and healing properties.
The same stuff that turns chilled stock to jelly nourishes our hair, skin, and nails. It’s like spackle to the microscopic cracks in our intestinal walls (aka leaky gut), which are so prevalent in those of us with autoimmune disease. And it is the same stuff that gives back to our joints what time, age, and wear-and-tear take out of them.
The medicinal value of broth is real and known across cultures. There are a thousand variations of stock, like Pho broth, flavored with star anise and cinnamon, or the broth I use for Chinese Jook (rice porridge), simmered with green onion tops and lots of garlic and ginger. But the recipe I’m going to share with you today is a basic, all-purpose version.
Please note that while bone broth does supply many health-supporting proteins like collagen, proline, and glycine, it is not a complete protein like beef, fish, poultry, or eggs. Bone broth and collagen lack some of the nine essential amino acids required for protein synthesis, tissue repair, and nutrient absorption. To ensure you are getting complete protein, you can supplement bone broth with a whole source of animal protein like meat, poultry, seafood, or eggs.
What Goes in the Pot?
This is my standard recipe, and in the chilly part of the year, I make it about twice a month. I always keep a stasher bag or container handy in the freezer where I toss bones and fresh veggie scraps. If I happen to have an odd lamb bone, beef bone, or the bones from a roast duck, all the merrier. Some of my best batches have been made from a mixture of bones, so don't feel like this has to use chicken bones only.
When stock day comes, the whole lot gets tossed in. No need to adhere to rigid quantities, just fill the pot with water until its contents are covered.
Stock is a wonderful way to cut down on food waste, and save money. Here’s a list of some other things you can toss into the pot:
- Leek tops, thoroughly cleaned of silt
- Yellow onion skins, which give the stock a nice golden hue
- Green onions
- Fennel and fennel tops
- Mushrooms and mushroom stems
- Ginger (depending on what you're going to make with the stock)
- Mellow herbs like tarragon, thyme, chives, or parsley in small to moderate quantities
- Stronger herbs like rosemary or sage in small quantities
- A wee bit of something acidic such as vinegar, wine, lemon juice, or tomato paste.
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Cooking, Straining, and Storing Your Bone Broth
Once everything's in the pot, turn on the heat and let it come up to a very low simmer. Just the occasional bubble rising to the top is the target. It's that slow and low cooking that will help coax the goodness from the bones.
Leave it to simmer, covered, for at least 8 and up to 24 hours if you can. Stirring it occasionally is fine, but not really necessary.
When it's time to drain your bone broth, place a strainer over a large bowl or pot and carefully pour the broth in (as pictured).
Cool the broth by placing it into a sink filled with lots of ice and water, so that it comes about 2/3 of the way up the side of the bowl or pot.
At this point, I like to cover the broth and refrigerate it overnight. This lets all the rendered fat rise to the top and solidify, making it easy to remove and discard the next day. Because the fat in bone broth is simmered for so long, it's highly oxidized and is not recommended for cooking purposes. If you don't have time to chill your broth overnight, you can skim the fat with a ladle or gravy strainer.
From there, I pour the strained, chilled, and skimmed broth into quart-size pyrex containers and store in the freezer for up to 2 months. At our house, bone broth never seems to stick around that long because there are so many uses for it and all of us, especially my kiddo, love to sip it plain.
Chicken Bone Broth (Big Batch)
- 2 sets of chicken bones, raw or cooked
- 2 - 3 ribs celery, chopped
- 3 - 4 large carrots, chopped, unpeeled
- 1 yellow onion, roughly chopped, skin included to add color
- 2 - 3 cloves garlic, smashed
- 1/2 teaspoon dried turmeric, or a few coins of fresh turmeric root
- 1 teaspoon sea salt or Himalayan salt
- 2 - 3 bay leaves
- 1/2 teaspoon whole peppercorns (omit for elimination-phase AIP)
- 1 - 2 tablespoons apple cider vinegar, to help extract all the good stuff from the bones
- 3 quarts filtered water, or enough to cover bones and veggies
- Combine all ingredients in a large stockpot or slow cooker. (see note)
- Bring to a simmer, cover, and cook over low heat for approximately 24 hours. To extract maximum nutrients, do not boil. The occasional small bubble on the surface indicates a good temperature for stock.
- After 24 hours, strain the stock into another large pot or mixing bowl, and cool in an ice bath for up to 30 minutes.
- Skim the fat. This can be done easily if the cooled broth is left to chill overnight in the fridge, hardening the surface fat and making it easy to remove. Otherwise just skim the top with a spoon, or use a gravy separator to strain. (see note)
- Set aside any stock you may want for immediate use, and freeze the rest in glass or ceramic containers for later use. It’s a good idea to label and date them with masking tape. (see note)
- Teflon-coated or non-stick cooking vessels should be avoided here to reduce toxin exposure, especially due to the long cooking time.
- According to this article from Dr. Sarah Ballantyne, aka The Paleo Mom, the fat from stock is oxidized and should not be consumed or used for cooking.
- When freezing stock, be sure to leave at least an inch of headroom since liquids expand when upon freezing. Pyrex or ceramic containers with silicone lids work best. Canning jars break easily and plastics can leach harmful chemicals into the food.